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IPS or the Indian Police Service (आईपीएस का फु ल फॉम भारतीय पिुलस सेवा है), is one of the all India Civil Services which run the administration of the country. The Ministry of Home Affairs controls the cadres of IPS. It was setup in 1948 from the erstwhile Indian Imperial Police.
The primary role of the IPS is to secure law and order, ensure safety and security of the citizens. They can be deputed to various other law enforcement agencies like Central Armed Police Forces which include Border Security Forces, Seema Suraksha Bal, Central Reserved Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Indo Tibetan Border Police. National Security Guard.
Selection to IPS is done through the Civil Services Exam (CSE) conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for over 20 civil services. Among these IPS is a top choice of students due to its prestige, spirit of service, dedication and crucial role which allows an individual to make immense impact.
IPS is a highly respected and prestigious service responsible for maintaining the internal security of India. The Iron Man of India Mr. Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel called it a fundamental pillars of the Indian democracy along with the Indian Administrative Service.
A Pay Commission is appointed by Central Government to regularly review. Salaries given to Central Government officers to keep their pay up to date with inflation. The latest, i.e. the 7th Pay Commission has suggested the following salaries for officers of the IPS Cadre:
|IPS rank in state/ central police force
|1. Director general of police/ director general of IB or CBI
|2. Director general of police
|3. Inspector general of police
|4. Deputy inspector general of police
|5. Senior superintendent of police
|6. Additional superintendent of police
|7. Deputy superintendent of police
|56, 100 INR
Perks:A IPS officer has a respectable salary on top of which they get perks which guarantee a comfortable life for them. They have the power to make a difference in the lives of millions of people. They also get huge respect in society.
These are the main benefits however other perks dependent from place to place.
Dress Code of IPS Officers: While on Duty, IPS officers are required to wear Khaki uniforms as per specifications in the India Police Service (Uniform) Rules, 1954.
Cadres & Postings of IPS Officers: The cadre allocation policy was changed in 2017 and following was provided: -
Training of IPS officers is done over 2 years in 4 phases.
Phase 2 training: At Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad.
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In order to be eligible for the IPS exam, a candidate must have obtained a graduate degree from any recognized university in India and must have attained a minimum age of 21 years. Maximum age limits vary as per different categories mentioned in the below table. It is a must for the candidate to attain the age of 21 years as of 1st August of the year of notification. UPSC has a fixed number of attempts for the candidates depending upon the category and age limits.
|Upper Age Limit for UPSC
|Maximum Number of Attempts
|Economically Weaker Section (EWS)
|Defence Services Personnel
|Persons with Benchmark Disability
What Counts as an Attempt? An attempt is counted when you appear for one of the Preliminary stage papers. Merely filing the form is not considered an attempt.
Can you attempt once you are already in Service? If a candidate is already in service as IPS, they can write the exam again but can only choose the IAS service as an option, not the IPS.
Physical qualifications for the post of an IPS officer.
|Eligibility for male
|Eligibility for female
|165cm for unreserved candidates,
160 cm for OBC, SC & ST
|150cm for unreserved candidates, 145cm for other categories
|Minimum 84cm, Expansion 5cm
|6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye
|6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye.
Medical Examination: A Medical Examination is done for candidates and those who fail can appeal and appeal for another Medical Examination. If they are unable to clear, then they are not allotted IPS service but given their next choice/ preference.
Civil Services Exam is conducted by the UPSC every year to select suitable candidates for IPS. It is conducted in three stages i.e., Prelims, Mains and Interview.
The Preliminary Exam is a qualifying exam with two objective-type papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (Aptitude Test). The question paper is set in both Hindi and English. While GS Paper I will decide whether you make it to the next round, you should pay attention to clearing the cut-off of 33% for the CSAT paper as well.
|Prelims Exam Pattern
|General Studies I
|General Studies II or CSAT
|Cut Off marks
|Counted for Merit. Cut-off varies every year.
|33% qualifying criteria (66 marks)
|Yes, 0.66 marks deducted for wrong answer.
|Yes, 0.83 marks deducted for wrong answer.
|Duration of exam
|Langauge of Paper
|English & Hindi
|English & Hindi
These two objective-type papers have multiple choice questions with 4 options each. The General Studies Paper I is scored out of 200 and your performance in this paper will decide whether you are eligible to take the Mains Exam. The Merit list is prepared on the basis of this Preliminary Examination. The top around 10,000 students clear the exam from around 5,00,000 students who appear for the exam, on an average.
The General Studies Paper II (Civil Services Aptitude Test) is a qualifying exam where 33% marks are required. In recent years this exam has become tougher and hence it cannot be ignored during your preparation. A lot of students have cleared the GS1 paper’s cut off but have not been able to write the mains examination as they did not clear the CSAT paper.
Syllabus for the Prelims Exam is:
|GS Paper I
|National and international importance events
|India and Indian National Movement
|Indian and World's Physical, Social and Economic Geography
|Indian Polity & Governance
|Topics like Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
|Economic & Social Development
|Topics like Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
|Environment & Ecology
|General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
|Fundamental concepts of Physics, Technology, Biology etc.
|Civil Services Aptitude Test
|Comprehension, General Mental Ability, Logical Reasoning & Analytical abilities
|Interpersonal Skills, Decision Making & Problem-Solving including communication skills.
|Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)
Those select few who clear the Prelims Exam, write the tough Mains Exam which is a descriptive-type exam with nine papers totaling 1750 marks. This paper assesses your understanding, articulation abilities and conceptual clarity through 9, 3-hour long, papers out of which 7 papers determine the merit list.
|Number of Questions
|GS1: Art & Culture, History, Geography & Society
|GS2: Governance, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations
|GS3: Science & Technology, Economy, Disaster Management, Ecology and Internal Security
|GSIV: Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude
|13 Theory Questions
6 Case Studies
|Optional Subject - Paper I
|Optional Subject - Paper II
|Compulsory Paper Indian Language from Schedule 8
|Compulsory English Language Paper
IAS/ UPSC Mains Exam is a descriptive-type paper. Six of these papers are three hours long with approximately 20 questions each, while the essay paper has two questions. The word limit is somewhere between 150 to 250 words for the General Studies and Optional Papers. For both essays, the word limit is approximately 1000-1200 words.
Apart from this, there are two language papers that are only qualifying in nature which include 'Paper A' for any Indian language from the Eight Schedule and 'Paper B' for English language. The maximum marks that can be secured at this stage are 1750.
Personality Test :The top performing candidates of the Mains Exam are invited for the Personality Test which is an interview-type assessment for 275 marks. A board of unbiased senior Civil Servants interviews the candidates to test their mental alertness, critical thinking, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity. This interview lasts for about 20-30 minutes for each candidate.
The UPSC/ IPS Civil Services Exam (CSE) is a long journey that requires around 1-2 years of dedication during the preparation and around another year of the exam process which begins in May/ June and lasts till February/ March of the next year. You need to do the following to secure your selection
All roles have their pros and cons. The IPS services has numerous benefits as listed above however it also comes with its pros and cons which one should keep in mind while opting for the service:-
1. What is the full form of IPS?
The full form of IPS is Indian Police Services.
2. What are the ways in which one can become an IPS officer?
3. What is the initial salary of an IPS officer?
The entry level salary of an IPS officer is around 56,100 rupees. However it increases with Pay Commissions as inflation is taken into account through payment of Dearness Allowance.